FMUSER 50Ω Rukunin Tunatar Antenna na Jiha don 530-1,700 kHz AM Matsakaicin Tashar Wave

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  1. Tech Spec na FMUSER Eriya Tuning Unit
  2. Babban fasali na FMUSER Eriya Tuning Unit
  3. Inda Za'a Siya Mafi kyawun Sashin Tunawa AM?
  4. Unit Tuning Antenna: Menene kuma yaya yake aiki?
  5. Menene Tushen Tsarin Sashin Tunanin Antenna
  6. Me yasa ATU ke da Muhimmanci don Watsawa Tsakanin Wave?

 

Tech Spec na FMUSER Eriya Tuning Unit

 

Terms tabarau
Mitar aiki 531-1700 kHz matsakaicin kalaman (MW) cikakken band
Mai watsawa Max. Ƙarfin shigarwa 1KW/5KW/50KW (bisa bukatar ku)
Fasfo bandwidth 25 kHz-30 kHz (bandwidwid rabin ikon)
Canjin bel bandwidth 30 kHz-80 kHz
Tsaida bandwidth ≥100 kHz
Adadin igiyar igiyar igiyar igiyar ruwa tsakanin ± 5 kHz≤1.05, tsakanin ± 10 kHz≤1.3
Tsayawa tarewa Lokacin da mitar ta kasance 100 kHz nesa da mitar cibiyar, ƙaddamarwa shine 25 dB
Kariyar walkiya ragowar makamashin walƙiya bai wuce 200mJ ba

 

Tambayi Magana

 

Babban fasali na FMUSER Eriya Tuning Unit

fmuser-matsakaici-kalaman-am-antenna-tuning-unit-for-am-transmitter-tashar.jpg

  • Ana iya amfani da naúrar kunna eriya zuwa mitar hasumiya ɗaya, mitoci biyu, da mitar sau uku, da kuma masu watsa matsakaitan igiyoyi na matakan wuta daban-daban.
  • Unique electromagnetic coupling ware walƙiya fasahar kariya, ban da gargajiya ƙasa inductance walƙiya kariya, capacitive warewa walƙiya kariya, da graphite sallama mai siffar maganadisu Magnetic zobe walƙiya kariya, na karshe mataki na cibiyar sadarwa kuma ƙara electromagnetic hada guda biyu kadaici walƙiya kariya, domin ba haka ba. na'urar gargajiya Gudanar da tuntuɓar sadarwa kai tsaye da daidaitattun halayen zaɓin mitar suna sa ba zai yiwu a iya watsa wutar lantarki kai tsaye zuwa mai watsawa ta hanyar sadarwar eriya ba. Zane na wannan jerin samfuran cibiyar sadarwa ya ɗauki haɗin haɗin ƙirar hanyar sadarwa ta gargajiya da fasahar keɓewar haɗin gwiwar lantarki, gami da nau'in L-nau'in gargajiya, ƙirar nau'in π, da ƙirar kariyar walƙiya ta gargajiya, da kuma sabon keɓancewar haɗin haɗin lantarki. Tun daga 2014, an yi amfani da shi sosai a aikace-aikace kuma an karɓa da kyau daga masu amfani. Ya zuwa yanzu, babu wata gazawar watsawa da walƙiya ta haifar, haka kuma babu wata gazawar hanyar sadarwa ta kwandishan.
  • Yin amfani da sarrafa guntu guda ɗaya, ƙimar matakin daidaitawar inductance na iya zama 0.1uH, kuma daidaitaccen daidaitawa yana da girma.
  • Watsawa mara waya, da "akwatin sarrafawa" da "akwatin kunnawa" an tsara su tare da kariyar walƙiya don haɓaka amincin sarrafawa.
  • Matsakaicin daidaitacce na nada yana kusa da 10uH, kuma kewayon daidaitawa da ƙaddamarwa shima yana da faɗi sosai (VSWR da aka gwada a cikin 1.5 zai iya dacewa da kyau zuwa 50Ω).
  • An sanye shi da kariyar daidaitawa fiye da kima, babu buƙatar damuwa game da lalacewa ga nada wanda rashin aiki ya haifar.

  

FMUSER: Mafi Maƙerin Sashin Tunatar Antenna AM daga China

 

FMUSER 100kW AM mai watsa watsawa a Guinea

 

FMUSER yana ɗaya daga cikin manyan masana'antun watsa kayan aikin AM da masu kaya a China. Muna ba da kayan aikin watsa shirye-shiryen ƙwararrun AM (LW/SW/MW) da kuma cikakkiyar mafita don tashoshin watsa shirye-shiryen AM, gami da siyar da masu watsa raƙuman ruwa na matsakaici, 50Ω MW naúrar kunna eriya (ikon shigarwa ya dogara da ikon watsa AM na ku), kuma da yawa manyan- ingantattun eriyar watsa shirye-shiryen AM, dummy lodi da sauran kayan aikin ƙwararru. 

 

Za mu iya samar da keɓaɓɓen gine-ginen da aka keɓance don raka'a masu dacewa da eriya mai ƙarfi. Wadannan gine-gine suna amfani da tsarin shigarwa mai sauri, wanda za'a iya rushe shi gaba daya don jigilar kaya. An rufe su da kumfa, sun ƙunshi garkuwar RF, ana iya sanye su da cikakken tsarin lantarki wanda ya dace da kowane ma'auni na gida, kuma yana iya haɗawa da tsarin dumama / iska.

 

Yin amfani da waɗannan gine-gine yana rage lokacin ƙaddamarwa a kan wurin. An shigar da ginin kuma an gwada shi a masana'antar FMUSER kuma an shigar da tsarin daidaita tsarin eriya. Bayan haka, ana yiwa duk sashin kunna eriya alama kuma ana yin rikodin don haɗuwa cikin sauri a wurin abokin ciniki kafin jigilar kaya.

 

Kuna iya samar da na'urorin haɗi daban-daban da zaɓuɓɓuka don sashin daidaita eriya, ko haɓakawa ko gyara tsarin da kuke da shi. Waɗannan sun haɗa da mica da vacuum capacitors, manyan abubuwan haɗin gwiwa, RF inductors da coils, RF ammeters, insulators na hasumiya, masu wutar lantarki, shaƙan haske, da kabad.

 

Abubuwan da aka saba bayarwa:

 

  • Binciken Yanar Gizo da Bincike
  • Tsarin Tsarin Eriya da RF
  • Project Management
  • Kulawar Shigarwa
  • Shirya matsala Da Kulawa
  • Duban Kulawa
  • Gwajin Tsarin Antenna
  • Gwajin Hazarin Electromagnetic

 

Nemi zance a yau kuma bari mu taimaka muku gina gidan rediyon ku na AM!

 

Tuntube mu Yau

Abubuwan da aka Shawarar Kuna iya sha'awar su

 

High Power Solid-state AM masu watsawa Har zuwa 200 kW
FMUSER m jihar 1KW AM mai watsawa.jpg FMUSER m jihar 3KW AM mai watsawa.jpg FMUSER m jihar 5KW AM mai watsawa.jpg FMUSER m jihar 10KW AM mai watsawa.jpg
1KW AM mai watsawa 3KW AM mai watsawa 5KW AM mai watsawa 10KW AM mai watsawa
FMUSER m jihar 25KW AM mai watsawa.jpg FMUSER m jihar 50KW AM mai watsawa.jpg FMUSER m jihar 100KW AM mai watsawa.jpg FMUSER m jihar 200KW AM mai watsawa.jpg
25KW AM mai watsawa 50KW AM mai watsawa 100KW AM mai watsawa 200KW AM mai watsawa

 

Gwajin Antenna AM Tower
1KW, 3KW, 10KW m jihar AM transmtter dummy load.jpg 100KW AM dummy kaya.jpg 200KW AM dummy kaya.jpg
1, 3, 10KW AM gwajin lodi 100KW AM gwajin gwajin watsawa 200KW AM gwajin gwajin watsawa

 

Nemi Magana

 

Matsakaici Wave AM Eriya Tuning Unit: Menene kuma Yaya Aiki yake?

 

Matsakaicin kalaman naúrar kunna eriya (ATU) yana nufin wani yanki na kayan haɗin kai tsakanin mai watsa shirye-shiryen AM da eriyar watsa shirye-shiryen AM.

 

Ana watsa mai ɗaukar kaya ta hanyar watsa shirye-shiryen watsa shirye-shiryen AM zuwa eriya ta hanyar coax feeder, kuma eriya tana haskaka igiyoyin lantarki.

 

Hakanan ana kiran sashin kunna eriya kamar haka:

 

  • Antenna tuner
  • Mai gyara eriya ta atomatik
  • Gyaran eriya
  • Antenna wasan
  • Ant tuner
  • Antenna ATU
  • Antenna mai daidaitawa
  • Naúrar daidaita eriya
  • Naúrar kunna eriya
  • Naúrar eriya
  • ATU eriya
  • ATU eriya tuner
  • Mai gyara eriya ta atomatik
  • AM eriya kunna naúrar
  • Eriya impedance matching cibiyar sadarwa
  • Na'urar kunna eriya ta ATU

 

Zane-zane na Tunatar Eriya: FMUSER ya bayyana 

 

Mai gyara eriya ta atomatik shine gadar da ta haɗu da coax feeder, transmitter, da eriya, ta hanyar daidaita sigogin watsawa, na'urar kunna eriya tana iya samun nasara mara kyau tsakanin ƙarshen shigarwar eriyar watsawa da mai ciyarwa da ramawa. martanin eriya mai watsawa.

 

fmuser-matsakaici-kalaman-am-antenna-tuning-unit-collections.jpg

 

A zahiri, a cikin tsarin ciyarwar eriya mai watsawa, eriya da mai ciyarwa tsarin ne guda biyu.

 

Saboda halaye daban-daban na impedance, wani ɓangare na makamashin lantarki yana nuna baya don samar da igiyar igiyar ruwa a kan layi. Matsakaicin kololuwar wutar lantarki zuwa tankin wutar lantarki na igiyar igiyar ruwa ana kiranta rabon igiyar wutar lantarki.

 

Lokacin da rabon igiyar igiyar igiyar ruwa ya yi daidai da 1, yana nufin cewa eriya da mai ciyarwa sun daidaita gaba ɗaya, kuma babban ƙarfin mai watsawa duk eriya ne ke haskakawa. Matsakaicin daidaitawa tsakanin eriya da mai ciyarwa ana auna ta hanyar juzu'in gani ko madaidaicin raƙuman shigar da eriya.

 

Don eriya mai watsawa, idan kunna eriya ba ta da kyau, hasken wutar lantarki na eriya zai ragu, asarar mai ciyarwa zai karu, ƙarfin wutar lantarkin kuma zai ragu.

 

Adadin wutar lantarkin siginar zuwa siginar halin yanzu a shigar da eriya ana kiransa impedance na eriya. Matsakaicin shigar da bayanai yana da abin da ake iya jurewa R da mai amsawa X, wato impedance Z=R+JX.

 

Kasancewar bangaren mai amsawa zai rage fitar da wutar sigina daga eriya daga mai ciyarwa. Don haka, dole ne a sanya bangaren mai amsawa a matsayin sifili kamar yadda zai yiwu, wato, abin shigar da eriya ya kamata a sanya shi tsantsar tsayin daka.

 

Don haka, ana ƙara naúrar daidaita eriya tsakanin eriya da mai ciyarwa.

 

Idan halayen impedance na mai ciyarwa shine 50 Ω, ta hanyar daidaita magudanar eriya, ɓangarorin tunanin ƙetaren shigar ƙarami ne kuma ainihin ɓangaren yana kusa da 50 Ω a cikin kewayon mitar aiki da ake buƙata don shigar da shigar da eriya ta kasance. Z = R = 50 Ω, kuma an cimma kyakkyawar ma'amala tsakanin eriya da mai ciyarwa. A ainihin gwaji, gabaɗaya muna amfani da na'urar tantance hanyar sadarwa ta vector don auna rashin ƙarfi.

 

tsarin ciki-na-fmuser-matsakaici-kalaman-am-antenna-tuning-unit.jpg

 

Manufar saita naúrar da ta dace da eriya shine don rage ma'aunin igiyar igiyar ruwa a tsaye, rage ƙarfin da ake nunawa, inganta haɓakar watsawa, ko haɓaka ingantaccen watsawa.

 

Don daidaita sashin kunna eriyar AM, a gefe guda, eriya yakamata ya kasance cikin yanayin da ya dace, kuma a daya bangaren kuma, ya kamata a daidaita impedance na eriya tare da mai watsawa bayan an canza shi ta hanyar sadarwar da ta dace.

 

Tabbas, hatta eriya da aka ƙera da kyau ko da yaushe za ta kasance tana da ƙaramar ƙimar abubuwan da zata iya amsawa a cikin abin shigarta.

 

An shawartar Eriya masu watsawa AM don Sashin Tuna Eriya

 

FMUSER Shortwave (SW) Eriya Solutions

Ziyarci Don Ƙari

Antennas Quadrant Shortwave Omnidirectional Don Tashar Watsa Labarun AM FMUSER Multi Elevation Multi Fed Omnidirectional Shortwave Eriya FMUSER Shortwave Rotatable Eriya don tashar AM
Omin-quadrant SW Ant SW Omni-Ant mai ciyarwa da yawa SW Rotatable Ant
FMUSER Rotatable Arrays Shortwave Eriya Don Tashar AM Labulen FMUSER Yana Jera Hrs 8/4/H Shortwave Eriya Don Watsa Labarun AM FMUSER Cage Shortwave Eriya Don Tashar AM
SW Rotatable Arrays SW Labule HRS 8/4/H SW Cage Antenna
Labulen FMUSER Yana Jera Hrs 4/4/H Shortwave Eriya Don Tashar AM

Labulen FMUSER Yana Jera Hrs 4/2/H Shortwave Eriya Don Watsa Labarun AM
Labulen FMUSER Yana Shirya Hr 2/1/H Don Tashar Watsa Labarun AM
SW Labule HRS 4/4/H
SW Labule HRS 4/2/H
SW Labulen Arrays HR 2/1/H
Labulen Labule Hr 2/2/H Don Watsa Labarai na AM
FMUSER gajeriyar watsawar eriya mafita - Ziyarci don ƙarin 
SW Labulen Arrays HR 2/2/H

 

Tuntuɓi Masananmu

 

FMUSER Matsakaicin Wave (MW) Eriya Solutions

Ziyarci Don Ƙari

FMUSER Omnidirectional Medium Wave Eriya Don Karbar AM Rediyo Matsakaici Wave Shunt Fed Eriya FMUSER Matsakaicin Matsakaicin Wave Eriya Don Tsararren Hasumiya Guda Daya
Karbar Omni MW Ant MW Shunt Fed Ant Hanyar MW Ant

 

Nemi Magana

 

Me yasa Sashin Tunatar Antenna yana da mahimmanci don Watsawa Tsakanin Wave?

 

Gabaɗaya magana, matsakaiciyar tashar watsa igiyoyin ruwa ta ƙunshi nau'ikan kayan watsawa masu zuwa:

 

  • Brass hard feed tube
  • Feeders daban-daban da masu haɗawa
  • matsakaicin kalaman watsawa
  • Hasumiya mai matsakaicin igiyar ruwa
  • MW Antenna Dummy Load
  • Naúrar daidaita eriya

 

Daga cikin su, manyan ayyukan na'urar kunna eriya sune:

 

  1. Matsakaicin martani mai girma
  2. Matsalar tawaya
  3. Kariyar walkiya

 

Kayan aikin da ke cikin dakin watsawa sun hada da bututun ciyar da tagulla, masu ciyarwa da masu haɗawa daban-daban, da masu watsa raƙuman ruwa, yayin da hasumiya ta matsakaicin igiyar igiyar ruwa da rukunin kunna eriyar AM gabaɗaya ana shigar da su a waje (ana iya shigar da tsarin hanyar sadarwar daidaitawar eriya a ciki). mai watsa igiyar ruwa).

 

An Haife Sashin Tunatar Eriya don Canza Yanayin Watsawa MW

 

Saboda mafi kwanciyar hankali yanayi, kula da cikin gida kayan aiki ne in mun gwada da sauki aiwatar, yayin da kula da waje matsakaici-kalaman watsa kayan aiki ne mafi wuya, musamman shigarwa da kuma ƙaddamar da matsakaici-kalaman eriya da ATU eriya kunna raka'a - wanda ya samo asali daga wannan aikin Yawancin su ana gudanar da su ne a cikin waje, don haka yanayin aiki zai kasance mara kyau kuma matsalar kulawa zai kasance mai girma.

 

Bugu da kari, tare da ci gaban birni, hanyar sadarwar eriya tana cikin sauƙi lalacewa, yanayin yanayin lantarki da ke kewaye da shi ya zama mai rikitarwa, kuma adadin masu watsawa saboda gazawar eriya da mai ciyarwa shima ya karu. Yawan hanyoyin da za a gyara matsalar ya zama mai yawa fiye da da.

 

Sashin Tunatar Eriya shine Ƙarshen hanyar sadarwa don tashar watsawa

 

Yana da kyau a faɗi cewa shigar da eriya sau da yawa yana da alaƙa da tsarin sa na geometric da mitar raƙuman rediyo mai shigowa. Anan, saitin raka'o'in kunna eriya waɗanda suka dace da rashin shigar da eriya da kuma halayen mai ciyarwa ana buƙatar don ba da damar fitarwar watsawa. Za'a iya isar da babban ƙarfin mitoci zuwa eriya akai-akai.

 

A lokaci guda kuma, a matsayin babbar hanyar sadarwa ta tsarin watsawa, na'urar kunna eriya ta ATU ba wai kawai tana da alaƙa da ko ana iya kunna mai watsawa ta al'ada ba, har ma da inganci da amincin siginar da mai watsawa ke watsawa. Da zarar gyara kuskuren ya yi wuya, hakan zai sa gidan rediyon ya tsaya tsayin daka. watsa shirye-shirye (kuma a haƙiƙa, hakan yana faruwa sau da yawa), wanda hakan zai lalata kuɗaɗen shiga gidan rediyon.

 

Kyakkyawan Kula da Sashin Tunatar Eriya Yana da Mahimmanci

 

Shigarwa mai laushi, gyara kurakurai, da kariyar tsarin cibiyar sadarwar eriya suna da mahimmanci ga kowane tashar ƙaddamarwa.

 

Saboda yanayi daban-daban na haƙiƙa, matsakaicin ɗakin watsa igiyar igiyar ruwa a cikin ƙasashe/yankuna da yawa ba zai iya gina ɗaki da ya dace ba, kuma yana iya amfani da akwatin da ya dace kawai. Bukatun shigar akwatin madaidaicin gama gari sune:

         

  • Girman akwatin ya kamata ya dace da wurin da za a shigar.
  • Lokacin daidaita sararin ciki na akwatin, la'akari da girman inductor da ake buƙata kuma ba da damar shigar da shi.
  • Saboda aikin dogon lokaci a waje, ya zama dole a yi la'akari da cewa kayan akwatin ya zama mai hana ruwa, wuta, tsatsa, ƙurar ƙura, da ƙarfi.
  • Matsakaicin nauyin akwatin ya kamata ya dace da shigarwa kuma yayi la'akari da ɗaukar nauyin igiya.
  • Ƙofar akwatin ya kamata ta kasance mai iya cirewa gwargwadon yiwuwa don aunawa da gyarawa, kuma ana iya buɗe ƙofar akwatin a gaba da baya lokacin da yanayi ya ba da izini.

 

Koyaya, amfani da akwatunan da suka dace zai iyakance adadin abubuwan da za a sanya. Babu abubuwa da yawa da ƙayyadaddun wuri na wuri, kuma sigogin rarraba suna da rikitarwa, wanda ke ƙara wahalar shigarwa, gyarawa, da kiyayewa.

 

Abubuwan da aka Shawarar Kuna iya sha'awar su

FU-1000C FM mai watsawa 1000 watt daga FMUSER ƙarancin wutar lantarki jerin watsa FM har zuwa watts 1000 FU618F-10KW 10000 watt FM mai watsawa daga FMUSER babban wutar lantarki jerin watsa FM har zuwa 10000 watts Cikakken kunshin FSN-1500T 1500 watt FM mai watsawa tare da eriya 8 bay FM dipole daga jerin fakitin watsa FMUSER FM

 Har zuwa 1000 Watts

Ƙananan masu watsawa FM

Har zuwa 10000 Watts

Masu watsa FM mai ƙarfi

Masu watsawa, eriya, igiyoyi

Fakitin watsa FM

Cikakken fakitin gidan rediyon 50W FM daga jerin kayan aikin gidan rediyon FMUSER FM Fakitin STL10 mai watsa STL tare da mai karɓar STL da eriyar STL daga jerin hanyoyin haɗin FMUSER STL FM-DV1 8 bay FM dipole eriyar tare da na'urorin haɗi daga FMUSER cikakken tsarin eriya FM

Gidan rediyo, tashar watsa labarai

Kayayyakin Gidan Rediyo

STL TX, RX, da eriya

Hanyoyin ciniki na STL

1 zuwa 8 bays fakitin eriya FM

Tsarin Eriya FM

 

Unit Tuning Eriya: Mafi Kyau Magani don Tuning Eriya na Gargajiya

 

Cibiyar fitar da injin na masu watsa al'ada ba za ta iya biyan bukatun yau da kullun ba

 

Tare da saurin haɓakar fasaha a cikin masana'antar watsa shirye-shiryen, matsakaicin matsakaicin raƙuman ruwa ya yi amfani da wasu fasahohin zamani sannu a hankali, waɗanda ba kawai biyan buƙatun aiki na mai watsawa ba amma kuma suna haɓaka ingantaccen aiki. A matsayin samfur na sabon zamani, mai watsa madaidaicin raƙuman ruwa mai ƙarfi duka yana da fa'idodin kariyar muhalli da ƙarancin amfani da makamashi.

 

A halin yanzu, matsakaicin watsa shirye-shiryen watsa shirye-shirye shine mafi yawan amfani da shi a masana'antar watsa shirye-shiryen TV. Yana da matukar rage farashin kulawa da kariya na mai watsawa kuma yana rage yawan amfani da albarkatu da aikin ma'aikatan da ke da alaƙa. nauyi.

 

Ya kamata a ce babban ci gaba a fasahar watsa raƙuman ruwa mai matsakaicin raƙuman ruwa ita ce bincike da amfani da 10kw masu watsa shirye-shiryen watsa shirye-shiryen watsa shirye-shirye masu ƙarfi. Idan aka kwatanta da mai watsa raƙuman raƙuman ruwa na baya, aikin aikin na'urar ya inganta sosai kuma kulawa ya fi dacewa, wanda ke tabbatar da aiki mai sauƙi na dukan tsarin.

 

Daidaitawar gefen watsawa na gargajiya yana amfani da hanyar sadarwa na injin don dacewa da hanyar sadarwar eriya da aka yanke, wanda ba kawai yana ƙara asarar watsawa ba amma kuma ba zai iya ba da garantin aiki na yau da kullun na injin ba.

 

Ko da yake na yanzu mai ƙarfi-mai ƙarfi-jihar matsakaicin kalaman watsawa yana ɗaukar ƙayyadaddun ƙirar da'irar madaidaici, an inganta abubuwan da ake buƙata don yanayin aiki, kuma ana haɓaka ikon kare kai da sa ido na mai watsawa. Tare da ɗan canji, mai watsawa zai sauko da wuta akai-akai ko kuma yana rufewa ta atomatik.

 

Rashin Cikakkun Ƙirar Matsakaici Wave Transmitter

 

Haka kuma, saboda ikon hana tsangwama da ƙarancin ƙarfin ƙarfin lantarki na ƙarfe oxide semiconductor filin tasirin transistor da aka yi amfani da shi a cikin jigilar matsakaicin matsakaicin-jihar ba su da kyau sosai, babu makawa zai yi mummunan tasiri akan hanyar sadarwar eriya yayin aiki. .

 

Ko mai watsawa zai iya watsawa a tsaye da dogaro kuma ya cimma matsakaicin ƙarfin watsawa yana da tasiri sosai ta ƙirar sashin kunna eriya.

 

Fitowar hanyar sadarwar daidaitawa ta canza tsarin tsarin ciyarwar eriya na gargajiya tare da daidaitawa da yankewa a ƙarshen watsawa. Lokacin da impedance eriya ya canza tare da zazzabi ko zafi, impedance shigar da eriya cibiyar sadarwa na daidaitawa ya bambanta daga 50Ω. Ta hanyar daidaita hanyar sadarwa mai daidaitawa, Matsakaicin naúrar kunna eriya yana sake daidaitawa zuwa 50Ω, don tabbatar da cewa mai watsawa ya sami mafi kyawun tasirin watsawa.

 

Tun da hanyar sadarwa mai daidaitawa shine daidaitawar ba tare da tuntuɓar sadarwa ba, gyare-gyaren ba zai shafi watsa shirye-shiryen na yau da kullum na mai watsawa ba, kuma babu wani abu da cewa daidaitawa yana da wuya ko ba zai yiwu ba don daidaitawa bayan sau da yawa na gyare-gyare.

 

Menene Tushen Tsarin Sashin Tunanin Antenna

 

Naúrar kunna eriya galibi ta ƙunshi hanyar sadarwa da ta dace, toshe hanyar sadarwa, cibiyar sadarwar sha, cibiyar sadarwar da aka saita, tsarin kariya na walƙiya, da sauran sassa.

 

A aikace-aikace masu amfani, saboda matsakaiciyar eriya tana da girma, ana iya cutar da shi cikin sauƙi ta hanyar walƙiya da yanayin lantarki. Domin tabbatar da aminci da aiki na yau da kullun na mai watsawa, wasu masu siyar da hanyar sadarwar eriya za su sanya ƙwallan fitarwa na graphite a ƙofar eriya don fitarwa. Ko ƙara hanyar sadarwa mai toshewa da tsarin kariyar walƙiya zuwa cibiyar sadarwar da ta dace.

 

Matching Network na Antenna ATU

 

Muhimmancin wanzuwar hanyar sadarwar da ta dace ita ce ta sa mai watsa shirye-shiryen watsa shirye-shirye mai ƙarfi-mai ƙarfi-mai ƙarfi da juriya mai juriya ta yadda zai iya samun saitunan cibiyar sadarwa a cikin yanayin da ya dace. Cibiyar sadarwar da ta dace ba ta da wani tasiri akan aiki mai santsi na watsa shirye-shiryen watsa shirye-shirye mai ƙarfi-mai ƙarfi. rashin kimanta tasiri.

 

Naúrar da ta dace da eriya wata hanyar sadarwa ce da aka saita don haɗin kai marar ƙarfi tsakanin mai watsa matsakaicin kalaman watsawa da kuma siffar juriya na mai ciyarwa, kuma an saita hanyar sadarwar a cikin yanayin da ya dace ta yadda gabaɗayan watsa na matsakaicin watsawar zai iya kasancewa cikin yanayin aiki mai kyau.

 

Makasudin ƙara hanyar sadarwar da ta dace da tsarin ciyarwar eriya shine don sanya impedance na eriya da maƙasudin mai ciyarwa daidai ko makamancin haka. Akwai nau'ikan hanyar sadarwa guda uku: Γ siffar, siffar T, da kuma siffar Π, wanda Γ siffar ya rabu zuwa siffar Γ mai kyau da kuma juyayi Γ siffar.

 

Cibiyar sadarwar Γ mai siffa ce mai sauƙi, tare da abubuwa biyu (ƙungiyoyi biyu) kawai, inductor, da capacitor. A ka'idar, hanyar sadarwar Γ mai siffa zata iya dacewa da duk wani abin da ya hana mu muradi. Cibiyar sadarwa ta Π ta ƙunshi sassa uku, kuma ana ɗaukar inductance ko capacitance na jerin hannu a matsayin jerin haɗin inductances ko capacitors, sa'an nan kuma za a iya ɗaukar hanyar sadarwa ta Π a matsayin jerin haɗin haɗin da aka juya Γ da a tabbatacce Γ cibiyar sadarwa. A cikin ƙira na gaba ɗaya, ana buƙatar zaɓar nau'i tare da tsari mai sauƙi kamar yadda zai yiwu don sauƙaƙe ƙaddamarwa. Lokacin shigar da impedance na eriya shine R Z0 (cikewar ciyarwa), an zaɓi sifar Γ da aka juya.

 

Cibiyar sadarwar Γ mai siffa ce mai sauƙi, tare da abubuwa biyu (ƙungiyoyi biyu) kawai, inductor, da capacitor. A ka'idar, hanyar sadarwar Γ mai siffa zata iya dacewa da duk wani abin da ya hana mu muradi. Cibiyar sadarwa ta Π ta ƙunshi sassa uku, kuma ana ɗaukar inductance ko capacitance na jerin hannu a matsayin jerin haɗin inductances ko capacitors, sa'an nan kuma za a iya ɗaukar hanyar sadarwa ta Π a matsayin jerin haɗin haɗin da aka juya Γ da a tabbatacce Γ cibiyar sadarwa. A cikin ƙira na gaba ɗaya, ana buƙatar zaɓar nau'i tare da tsari mai sauƙi kamar yadda zai yiwu don sauƙaƙe ƙaddamarwa. Lokacin shigar da impedance na eriya shine R Z0 (cikewar ciyarwa), an zaɓi sifar Γ da aka juya.

 

Toshe Network na Antenna ATU

 

Dalilin da ya sa akwai hanyar sadarwa ta toshe shi ne cewa eriya mai watsawa na tashar watsawa ta matsakaita yana da halayyar juna.

 

A zahiri, sashin daidaita eriya yana cikin duka eriyar mai watsawa da eriyar karɓa, kuma gabaɗaya, tashar watsawa ba ta da eriya mai watsawa ɗaya kawai da mitar, don haka eriyar tana da saurin amsawa mai girma, da kuma babban mitoci. Ana karɓar sigina a kusa ta hanyar juyawa. A cikin dakin hadawa, babban ƙarfin wutar lantarki ana juyawa zuwa mai watsawa ta hanyar sadarwar eriya da mai ciyarwa. Tare da kwararar wutar lantarki mai ƙarfi, babu makawa tsarin igiyar ruwa zai canza, za a rage ingancin siginar da ake watsawa, kuma hakan zai shafi mai watsawa. Kayan aiki da tsaro suna wasa.

 

Cibiyar sadarwa ta toshe tana kawar da tsangwama tsakanin ma'aunin mitoci biyu kuma tana haɓaka ingancin fitarwar sigina ta hanyar haɗin kai tsaye na da'irori masu resonant.

 

A taƙaice, illolin toshe hanyar sadarwar sune:

 

  • ta wannan siginar mita
  • Toshe sauran sigina na mitar

 

Lokacin wucewa siginar wannan mitar, matsananciyar damuwa bai kamata ya zama babba ba. Lokacin toshe siginar wani mitar, ba kawai babban impedance ya kamata a gabatar da shi a wasu mitar ba, amma kuma ya kamata a gabatar da babban impedance a mitoci na sama da ƙasa na sauran mitar, tare da toshe mitar da ba dole ba. mita.

 

Shaye Network of Antenna ATU

 

Muhimmancin wanzuwar hanyar sadarwar sha shine don rage yawan hawan wutar lantarki na kewaye da kuma hana overvoltage a duka iyakar capacitor daga lalata kayan aiki da haifar da kasawa.

 

Cibiyar sadarwa da aka riga aka kunna of Antenna ATU

 

Cibiyar sadarwar da aka riga aka gyara ita ce ta dace da impedance na eriya, musamman ta hanyar ƙara inductance a kasan eriyar da impedance eriya a layi daya don samar da ingantaccen ɓangaren da ya dace na amsawa don sauƙaƙe ƙira da lalata hanyar sadarwar da ta dace.

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